The Law guarantees everyone the right to live in the best possible state of health. The State, by the constitution takes measures to prevent any threat or harm to public health, and provides medical care to people who need it while guaranteeing all rights and freedoms, because of their interdependence. and indivisibility. But in times of health crises, governments can limit rights and freedoms through exceptional measures that are justified by the need to protect public health and national security in Tunisia.
This is, moreover, what the Tunisian state took at the time of the health crisis linked to the Coronavirus where many exceptional measures were taken to prevent and treat and contain the pandemic. Thus, Since March 18, 2020, a series of exceptional measures have started to expand and gain momentum to the detriment of certain rights and freedoms:
- These measures touched the very essence of freedoms such as freedom of movement, the right to health, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly and peaceful demonstrations, the right to a fair trial and freedom of the press …, Which contradicts the provisions of article 49 of the Constitution.
- Rights and freedoms have fallen victim to the epidemiological situation, because there have been many unjustified attacks, in particular with regard to the most vulnerable social groups, in particular on the economic and social level, which indicates once moreover, the close link between all rights and all freedoms.
- The Tunisian Association for the Defense of Individual Freedoms (ADLI) noted that women were one of the categories most exposed to violence during this period and that domestic violence, in particular, had increased considerably. In addition, the epidemiological situation has made the situation of certain groups more difficult, such as refugees and asylum seekers, migrants, victims of trafficking as well as people. LGBT.
- The Association, through its assessment of this exceptional period and the measures taken during it and its impact on individual freedoms, calls for lessons to be drawn from this period, on the interdependence of rights and freedoms in order to establish a comprehensive, inclusive, interdependent and indivisible system of rights.
In this context, the Tunisian Association for the Defense of Individual Freedoms (ADLI) presents its report on Freedoms during confinement "Freedoms in the times of the Coronavirus" and this Wednesday July 22, 2020 at the headquarters of the Tunisian Journalists Union at 10 a.m..
For the association's executive board
The president d. Soumaya Belhaj
Wednesday, July 22, 2020